Reviews & Reforms


With over 120 successful determinations across Australia, PBCs have emerged as a key element within the native title system. Under the Native Title Act 1993 (NTA) PBCs are established for each native title determination in order to hold in trust or manage the native title rights and interests on behalf of the native title holders.

PBCs face substantial challenges to meet the funding requirements needed to support the activities of native title holders. On 27 October 2006, the Commonwealth Attorney-General and the Minister for the Department of Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaCSIA)(now FaCHSIA) released a report examining the structures and processes of PBCs (the PBC Report). The Commonwealth’s review of PBCs was carried out by a Steering Committee chaired by the Attorney General’s Department (AGD) and comprised of officers from AGD, FaCSIA and the Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporations (ORIC).

The key recommendations of the report included measures to:

This review lead to the implementation of a series of legislative and policy measures aimed to address the development needs of PBCs.

Timeline of reforms










Managed by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)
AIATSIS acknowledges the funding support of the Native Title Branch of
the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C).